On every chaitra shuddha padyami of the hindu lunar calendar the people of Karnataka, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Goa celebrate their New Year with renewed energy. On this day all new things come to life, the astronomical motion starts. People with a new gush of energy start new ventures, children begin their new classes be it in music, dance or any new course. Anything that begins on this day is successful.
‘Yesmin Krishno divamvyataha, tasmat eeva pratipannam kaliyugam
The festival marks the beginning of kaliyuga which, started on Feb 17 or 18 at midnight in 3102 BCE. On this day life began on earth,Brahma, the creator, created the universe.
People spend their day reading literary works, poetic recitations, listening to classical music and panchanga shravanam (reciting of the almanac). The forecast of the year is recited.
Karnataka folks eat neem leaves and jaggery that signifies both joy and sorrow are part of life.
Andhra’s Pacchadi : Neem, raw mango, tamarind, green chilli, jaggery, ripe banana and a pinch of salt are ground. The pacchadi symbolizes sorrow, joy, anger, fear, disgust and surprise.
At different places New Year is celebrated under different names:
- Manipur-Sajibu Nongma parba
- Bali and Indonesia-Nyepi
How to greet on Ugadi
Kannada– Ugadi Habbada Shubashayagalu
Telugu-Ugadi Panduga palakarimpulu
Konkani- Navve varshache shubashay